Asia and the Pacific

Epidemiology

  • In 2013, there were 4.8 million [4.1 million – 5.5 million] people living with HIV in Asia and the Pacific.
  • In 2013, there were an estimated 350 000 [250 000 – 510 000] new HIV infections in the region.
    • New HIV infections declined by 6% between 2005 and 2013
  • In Asia and the Pacific, 250 000 [210 000 – 290 000] people died of AIDS-related causes in 2013.
    • Between 2005 and 2013 the number of AIDS-related deaths in the region fell by 27%.
  • In 2013, 1.56 million people living with HIV had access to antiretroviral therapy.
    • This is a 25% increase over the previous year, but still only a third of people living with HIV were accessing lifesaving treatment.
    • Only two countries in Asia and the Pacific, Thailand and Cambodia, had more than 50% of all people living with HIV currently on antiretroviral treatment in 2013.
  • There were 22 000 [18 000 – 32 000] new HIV infections among children in Asia and the Pacific in 2013.
    • Since 2009, there has been a 15% decline in new HIV infections among children in
      the region.
    • In 2013, 210 000 children were living with HIV and 32% were receiving lifesaving
      medicines, which is higher than the global average of 24%.
    • However, only 30% of mothers living with HIV were receiving antiretroviral therapy
      to prevent the transmission of HIV to their children.

Fast-Track Targets

  • The Fast-Track Targets for Asia and the Pacific include:
    • Achieving 90-90-90:
      • 90% 0f people living with HIV knowing their HIV status.
      • 90% of people who know their status on treatment.
      • 90% of people on treatment with suppressed viral loads.
    • Other targets include reducing the annual number of new HIV infections to 79 000 in 2020 and 53 000 in 2030 and achieving zero discrimination.
  • If we Fast-Track the AIDS response we can end the AIDS epidemic as a public health threat in Asia and the Pacific by 2030.
    • Reaching Fast-Track Targets would avert 4.68 million new HIV infections and 3.5 million AIDS-related deaths in Asia and the Pacific between 2015 and 2030.
    • Fast-tracked progress towards the goal of eliminating new HIV infections among children will prevent nearly 250 000 new HIV infections in children.

Investments

  • Massive increases in investments for HIV have been made in Asia and the Pacific, with many of the countries most affected by HIV significantly increasing domestic funding for their responses to HIV.
    • US$ 2.2 billion was available from all sources for the AIDS response in 2012 in Asia and the Pacific.
    • 59% was from domestic resources.
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